What tests are done for Breast Cancer?

What tests are done for Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cells of the breast and it is one of the most common cancers that affect both men and women, most preferably the latter. 

With increased awareness and thorough research, the advances in Breast Cancer diagnosis has improved. This has helped in reducing deaths due to breast cancer and providing a speedy recovery of those inflicted by the disease. One can also search for the best cancer treatment centres in Mumbai for a proper diagnosis

The doctor, however, needs multiple tests and procedures to confirm the disease, like:

  1. Breast Examination: The doctor checks both the breasts to detect the presence of any lymph nodes around the armpit or any other abnormalities.

  2. Mammogram: It is also called as the X-Ray of the breast, generally used to screen for breast cancer. If any abnormality is sighted, the doctor may further ask for a diagnostic mammogram to diagnose.

  3. Breast Ultrasound: This procedure uses sound waves to produce images of the structures deep inside the body. This may be used to determine or decide whether the new breast lump is a fluid-filled cyst or a solid mass.

  4. Biopsy (Removing a sample of breast cells for testing): This is the most defined way to detect breast cancer. The Biopsy sample is sent to a laboratory to detect whether the cells are cancerous or not. It also helps to understand the various parameters involved in the diagnosis like the type of cells, grade (aggressiveness) of cancer, hormone receptors and so on.

  5. Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): The MRI Machine uses Magnet and Radio waves to study the interiors of one's breast and produces images relating to it. Before the MRI is done, the patient is injected with dye.

Other procedures may be included to support the diagnosis as well.

Once it's diagnosed, the doctor next determines the stage or extent of cancer which cannot be established until one undergoes Breast Cancer Surgery. The tests/procedures to determine the stage include:

  • Blood Test ie. CBC (Complete Blood Count)

  • Mammogram to search for the signs of cancer

  • Computerized Tomography (CT) scan

  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan

  • Breast MRI

  • Bone Scan

These tests are not mandatory for every patient experiencing the disease, as it is subjective and the doctor calls for a certain procedure depending on the patient's state. For a better answer to diagnosis, check out for the best breast cancer specialist doctor in Navi Mumbai.

Breast Cancer stage ranges from 0 to IV indicating its seriousness. Stage IV also called as metastatic breast cancer indicates that cancer has spread to other areas of the body.

 

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